Last week, there was an outbreak of massive and spontaneous social manifestations in several capitals and cities in Brazil, with a significant presence of young students. National politics was guided by vigorous protests on the streets, which hadn’t happened for a long time. The protests were initially against the increase in the price of transportation fares, but they quickly embraced broader flags such as: better services in the areas of health, education, urban mobility and against corruption. Considering such facts, PCdoB reaffirms the political stance adopted since the beginning of this journey of mobilizations: the government and progressive forces must listen carefully to the voice of the streets and make an effort towards addressing it. However, the communists reject violent acts, vandalism and destruction because these have nothing to do with the pride and patriotic spirit of most protesters.
The triggers for the major manifestations happened in the city of Sao Paulo with the movement for the reduction in transportation fares. On the 13th of June, the Military Police, under the command of PSDB’s state government, undertook a truculent repression act against the protesters. This violent act insulted the democratic consciousness of thousands of people and from then on, several manifestations emerged in various capitals of the country and even in inland municipalities. The peak was on the 20th of June when more than one million people went to the streets to protest. Even though the movement is spontaneous, the mass media in a very opportunistic maneuver, tried to “take over the command” of such manifestations, manipulating its meaning and trying to turn them against President Dilma Rousseff’s government. The media encouraged hostility and aversion to political parties while harboring deplorable aggression acts against left-wing militants, fostered by far-right groups.
Due to the strong echo the manifestations have created in Brazil and abroad, the protests have overflowed from the streets straight into the core of national politics. For this reason, our president delivered an important speech to the nation on the 21st of June in which she rightly highlighted: “the manifestations show the power of our democracy and the youth’s desire to make Brazil advance”. Regarding the possibilities brought about by these happenings, she said: “the vigor of the streets must be taken advantage of to produce more changes that will bring benefits to the Brazilian population”. After that, on the 24th, she proposed a pact involving governors, mayors, parties and leaderships of the social movement. This pact, according to her, aims at offering a concrete response to the claims from the streets addressing the following issues: fiscal accountability so as to maintain economic balance and control inflation; proposal for a debate about summoning a referendum authorizing a constituent assembly to make a democratic political reform; a project classifying corruption as a heinous crime; improvement of the Brazilian health system by expediting investments; improvement of mass transportation’s quality and the creation of a Mass Transportation National Council with the participation of the society and finally more resources for education using 100% of oil royalties.
PCdoB supports the political stance of President Dilma Rousseff of listening to the streets and addressing the claims as fast as possible. While a significantly greater amount of resources and investments in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) is not made, mainly the workers and the poor will continue to suffer an ordeal to schedule doctor appointments, exams and surgeries. While public education does not have more resources, the population will see the hindrance of their children’s futures. Also, the awful quality of life in urban centers shows the need for a broad Urban Reform ensuring dignified housing, environmental sanitation and mobility – mainly low cost and efficient mass transportation. It is also necessary to guarantee peace and security since violence reaps the lives of thousands of Brazilians, especially youngsters.
PCdoB also agrees with the president about the need to break conservatism and carry out a democratic political reform considering all sectors of society. This reform must open the door of politics to the population and prevent the influence of economic power on electoral processes, adopting exclusive public financing of campaigns, strengthening political parties and establishing a direct and participative democracy. Finally, our party supports a strong fight against corruption and that this type of crime be considered heinous.
Mass media floods public opinion with thousand of analyses on the reason and meaning of the manifestations held. But most of the analyses, pure counterfeiting, suggest that the progressive cycle started in 2003 is over. In PCdoB’s standpoint, the manifestations are a result of this political cycle of democratic and progressive forces. In the last ten years, our people had great achievements, raised its political awareness and now the country breathes democracy. The manifestations are a part of these last ten years’ legacy: a population that stands, willing to fight for its rights and for a better Brazil. The voice of the streets tells us that the achievements cannot stop and that changes must be accelerated because ten years are not enough to overcome the enormous social inequality inherited from centuries of history.
The right-wing opposition and the mass media intend to stir the political fight even more against the government and if possible, foster an intense political crisis. The right-wing strategy cannot be minimized but PCdoB is sure that this opportunistic attempt can and will be defeated.
In contrast to what the right-wing intends, the government may leave this process even stronger than before. The way has been shown by the president herself: using the vigor of the manifestations to bring more changes that will benefit our people. The political reality created by the boiling streets can help in creating a new block of progressive political and social forces of all committed to a platform to boost development and social progress. This new block will be made with a platform that addresses the streets’ demands and that carries out democratic reforms without which changes can’t advance. For PCdoB, besides the flags proposed by the president, there must also be the reform of the means of communication, the reform of the Judiciary and a progressive tax reform inverting the current reigning reasoning in which the workers and the poorest pay most taxes. There must be a reform that imposes taxes to the great fortunes in order to fight inequalities.
The huge mass mobilizations created a new and unstable political situation and the outcome is yet to be seen. There is an ongoing fight regarding the meaning and the way to be taken ahead. Such situation demands mobilization and action from the democratic and popular political field, mainly the left-wing, for the changes to actually happen, strengthening the government and the leadership of President Dilma Rousseff.
Brasilia, June 25th, 2013
National Politics Commission of PCdoB (The Communist Party of Brazil)