from the Communist Party of Brazil
The Brazilian elections on the 5th of October in Brazil were for the next President and governors of the states (provinces and regions) and for one third of the Senate, for the national parliament and for the parliaments of the different states. President Dilma Rousseff, from the PT, the Workers Party, and the candidate of the coalition PT-PMDB-PCdoB-PDT and more five parties, will run for the second round of the presidential elections on the next 26th of October against Aécio Neves, from the Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy, a candidate of the coalition PSDB-DEM and seven other parties, representing the forces of the neoliberal right-wing and the conservatives.
Dilma obtained 41,6% of the votes; Aécio 33,6% and the third place in the elections, and Marina Silva, an “ecologist” with a neoliberal program, 21,3% of the votes. The other seven candidates obtained between 0,01% and 1,55% of the votes.
From the seven Brazilian parties that belong to the São Paulo Forum, three (PT, PCdoB and PDT) supported Dilma Rousseff; three supported Marina (PSB, PPS and PPL); and the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) launched its own candidate for the presidential election, and got 0,07% of the votes.
In the elections for the governors of the 27 States, 13 finished in the first round and the other 14 shall also be elected on the 26th.
One of the great news in the first round of the elections, with national consequences, was the election of the first communist governor of the Brazilian History, in the State of Maranhão. Comrade Flavio Dino, a congressman of the PCdoB between 2006 and 2010, lead a coalition of nine parties and was capable of largely defeating a local political oligarchy which governed this State for 50 years.
Flavio Dino obtained 63,52% of the votes against 33,69% of the right-wing candidate.
Preliminary political balance of the elections of October the 5th
In a note published on October the 6th, entitled “Reelect Dilma to assure progress and to stop setbacks”, the national president of the PCdoB, Renato Rabelo, says:
“As announced, the dispute for the presidency of the Republic shall be decided in the second round, after a harsh combat in the first round. Even though there have been attempts to hide it, there has been a great confrontation between two projects. On one side, the great winner of this first round, president Dilma Rousseff, who represents the project of change, of progress, with a new cycle of changes in the country; and on the other side, Aécio Neves and Marina Silva, two candidates maintained by the consortium of the opposition constituted by the financial oligarchy, the media and the conservative and right-wing parties.
Apart from being fierce, it was a particularly unstable first round. At first, Aécio Neves was the favorite candidate of the right, of the bankers, but with the death of Eduardo Campos and the rise of Marina Silva, this candidate of the Rede-PSB (Network-Brazilian Socialist Party) started to become the oppositions’ main bet. Afterwards, candidate Marina showed her inconsistency and was left behind, whilst Aécio became again the favorite option of the conservative forces.
Dilma debated with bravery political programs with her opponents, defended the conquests of her government using truth against lies and presented various commitments for even more daring new economic, social and political conquests for the future.
The result of this new round revealed that the presidents’ campaign is supported mainly by the people, by the workers and moreover, by the poor; whilst Aécio Neves is the candidate of the rich and of the high classes and the so-called upper middle class. Whether we like it or not, we have a confrontation between the people and the rich of the country.
The second round, which already started, is a very clear war between two political fields, lead by the two most organized parties in the country, the PT and its left-wing allies of the democratic field; and the PSDB, the leader of the conservative right-wing forces.”
The resolution of the National Political Commission of the PCdoB, gathered on the 10th of October, declares that: “In the last days, anxious to make people believe that the candidate Aécio could suddenly contaminate everybody with a reactionary wave, his supporters started to boast about the so-called “new” reinforcements for Aécio Neves. That was completely false. Marina Silva, the most expected supporter, alternated with Aécio in the first round the place of the bankers’ ‘favorite’ and had already opposed fiercely Dilmas’ candidature. Even so, important sectors of the Network Sustainability, a party created by Marina, rebelled against supporting Aécio. The support given by the PSB(Brazilian Socialist Party) to the right-wing candidate, meant capitulating to neoliberalism and to the conservatism that they used to condemn, and is causing resistance and dissidents”.
The National Political Commission of the PCdoB believes that “Dilma Rousseff, by leading the first round, built the path that shall take to the victory on the next 26th of October. But, let’s not forget, the victory, that we are convinced of, will be the result of one of the fiercest combats of the political history of the country”.
PCdoB elects the first communist governor of Brazilian History
The note of the national president of the PCdoB also values the relevant victory of the PCdoB in the state of Maranhão. Renato Rabelo says that “the PCdoB obtained an unheard of victory of great political importance. For the first time in the country, the communist party elected a governor of a state. This conquest is even dearer, due to the importance of the state of Maranhão, and its enormous economic potential, and because the victory of Flávio Dino meant the defeat of the oldest political oligarchy still in place in the country and due to the political qualities of the elected governor. Flávio Dino, relying on the support of the people and of the political and social forces that elected him, is capable of turning into reality the hopes of democracy and social and economic progress that the people of that state has been aspiring for during decades”.
Results of the PCdoB in the parliamentary elections
The PCdoB elected 10 national congressmen and a total of 25 members of the parliaments of the states in 16 of the 27 Brazilian states.
In the elections for the national parliament, amongst others, it is worth noting the reelection of comrade Luciana Santos, national vice-president of the Party, by the State of Pernambuco, and of the former minister of Sports Orlando Silva, for São Paulo. Big Brazilian States, like Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul also have communist national parliament politicians.
On the elections for the national parliament, the resolution of the National Political Commission of the PCdoB made the following remarks: “Considering that it is important to proceed timely, after the second round, to make a balance of the performance of our party in the elections, we already declare that the conservative forces have launched a serious attack on the parties that support the government and president Dilmas’ campaign. This attack concentrated itself, especially, against the left-wing parties and, consequently, PT, PDT, and also PCdoB – compared to 2010 –, had their seats in the national parliament decreased”.
Nevertheless, in the parliaments of the different states, Renato Rabelo says, “we had a good result, increasing from 18 to25 seats. This growth shows that the party is getting more rooted in the states”. The president of the PCdoB also takes into account as a factor of great importance in the result of the parliamentary elections, “the high cost of the campaigns and the weight of the economic power in the elections. Even though our party has made a great effort to diminish this problem, this has without any doubts stopped us from getting a better result”.
A doubled effort of the communists for the “fourth victory of the people”
In the next days until the 26th of October, when the second round is due, the communist activism all over the country will be in the streets defending the reelection of president Dilma.
On the other hand, as said by the president of the PCdoB, “the conservative forces, the bankers, the mass media and – without any doubts – the imperialism, shall make an unheard of effort to elect Aécio Neves, who they consider totally trustworthy”.
The PCdoB shall dedicate itself to the fourth victory of the broad political and social front which governs Brazil since the first election of Lula, in 2002, struggling for the 4th victory in a row of these forces, in order to have a new cycle of change and to deepen demands of the workers and of the Brazilian people.