Communist Party of Brazil
First of all, we would like to salute the organization of the International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties, which, for the second time, happens in Latin America and the Caribbean. We are happy to be amongst brothers of all continents. The PCdoB had the honor to host the 10º Meeting in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008.
We salute all the communist parties in the world and we congratulate the Communist Party of Ecuador for the organization of this 16º Meeting in the city of Guayaquil. We were here at the same time in 2012, when we approved unanimously the important and historic Declaration of Guayaquil, the resolution of the Meeting of Communists and Workers Parties of latin America and the Caribbean.
The Meeting of Latin American communists was summoned by our comrades from Ecuador, with the decisive support of the Communist Party of Cuba. At the time there was the homage to the workers who lost their lives in the massacre of Guayaquil, which occurred on the 15th of November 1922, the “Crosses on water”. This massacre was 90 years ago, and was one of the most important and heroic facts of the history of the Latin American class struggle.
It is a pleasure to be amongst South-American and Latin-American brothers. Latin-American people have strong historic and cultural links, due to features that are typical of people that have strong tradition of anti-colonial and anti-imperialist resistance.
In its national and social liberation process, our people fight for peace and to stop imperialist wars; they fight to defend the right to have a sustainable economic and social development; they fight for the rights of the workers and the valuation of work; they fight for democratic changes; they fight for true national independence and sovereignty; they fight for integration with solidarity in our continent; they fight to open the way to popular power and socialism.
In our reality, Latin America, moreover from the brotherhood relationships with communist parties and workers parties, it is of crucial importance to get the unity of communists and the political anti-imperialist and left-wing forces together like the successful experience of the São Paulo Forum, which celebrates 25 years in 2015.
The Communist Party of Brazil held in November 2013 its 13º Congress, and you all know its resolutions. In the analysis of the world situation, which is very rich and extensive in the thesis of the Congress, the PCdoB reinforced its features of internationalism and anti-imperialism, reaffirms its solidarity with the struggles of the workers and the peoples of the world, in a context influenced by the systemic and structural crisis of capitalism, a system which is historically obsolete. Communist, revolutionary and progressive forces are still in a strategically defensive position.
The Brazilian communists have appreciated the development of the political situation in the last 15 years in Latin America and the Caribbean, with the rise and a general democratic, progressive and anti-imperialist trend and, at the same time, by the sharp decrease of the influence of neoliberal policies and the new limits for the interference of US imperialism in the region.
The progressive and anti-imperialistic wave and the counteroffensive of the right-wing forces in Latin America
The new Latin American scenario is objectively anti-imperialist, resisting imperialism in the region. Since the victory of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela in 1998, until the most recent victories, in Bolivia, Brazil and Uruguay, there have been many political and electoral victories of the left-wing and progressive forces in various countries.
Popular forces have not lost a single presidential election since 1998 in places where they won before since 1998. It is worth stressing that the only defeats occurred through coups, in the cases of Honduras and Paraguay.
The ensemble of electoral victories opened the way for many national democratic and progressive governments which, in their own pace, try to abandon anti-popular and neoliberal policies, promoting changes that give priority to continental integration projects, national sovereignty, political democratization and economic and social development, in which, in the most advanced cases, there are revolutionary and anti-imperialist aims with socialist objectives that are clearly proclaimed.
Today in Latin America there is a brutal counteroffensive of the right-wing forces and of imperialism. There are new destabilizing and coup-like attacks against those processes lead by left-wing and progressive forces.
It is necessary to understand todays right-wing counteroffensive that is happening precisely because since 1998 there have been signs of the rise of popular forces; even though conditioned by the correlation of forces worldwide. That is why the political struggle between popular sectors and the right-wing forces have been very clear-cut in the last years, with a fierce battle over the course of our continent.
The counteroffensive of the right-wing forces tries to stop new victories of the left, and to reverse or at least to put various national governments in our region in a defensive position. This counter-attack includes the increase of the military presence in the region, and coup-like and destabilizing attacks supported by enormous political and media campaigns.
The main role in this reaction of the right-wing forces against the rise of the progressive forces in Latin America and the Caribbean is played by the big mass media with a behavior that is similar to a transnational right-wing party, becoming frequently the main voice of the opposition against progress of integration and changes. There are also small and ultra-left-wing parties and movements which play the game of the enemy, even without awareness.
The progress of Latin American integration with solidarity
In particular we are watching processes of South and Latin American integration. So, through different and complementary mechanisms, the process of continental integration progresses firmly with different paces.
At the end of 2008, in Brazil, for the first time, Latin America and the Caribbean gathered, with the participation of Cuba, without the US and Canada, and gave a big step to break with the “Pan-Americanism” ruled by the US – and on this occasion the idea of the CELAC – Community of Latin American and Caribbean States was born. This new association held this year a successful Summit in Havana, under the pro tempore Cuban chair, a revealing fact of the new times.
With the idea of making the difference and in order to resist US policies, the UNASUR (Union of South American Nations), with great geopolitical and strategic importance gathers 12 Nations progressing in crucial projects like the South American Energetic Treaty, the Bank of the South and the South American Defense Council, which tries to transform the region into a zone of peace.
The MERCOSUR was re-launched in 2003 and got a new impulse with the membership of Venezuela and the next membership of Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana and Suriname. So MERCOSUR and ALBA are in a convergence and got stronger together, with the MERCOSUR extended from Patagonia to the Caribbean, becoming an unifying axe of South America.
Amongst others, some challenges in order to promote solidarity integration include to confront great inherited inequalities and to try an equal development for the people and the countries of the region.
The ALBA – Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America, became a reference for creative and revolutionary integration. Especially mechanisms like PetroCaribe, an important instrument in the battle for hegemony in Central America and the Caribbean against US imperialism.
The re-launch of the struggle for socialism in Latin America
We need to emphasize the fact that some governments voiced their socialist objectives in the region. Beyond the difficulties on the way, the fact that they voiced this objective in the political scenario is important. It’s worth noting that together with interesting innovations, there is also a lot of eclecticism and social-democratic illusion and serious theoretical mistakes.
Nevertheless, the most important fact is that the debate on socialism is on the agenda in Latin America. Communist and workers parties are challenged to dispute the hegemony in those processes and to promote Marxism-Leninism in this debate developed in the great Latin American homeland.
The Cuban Revolution continues updating its economic and social socialist Project with great popular participation. Countries like Cuba in Our America, and China, Vietnam, Laos and Popular Korea in Asia, fulfill an important role in the process of the struggle for socialism in the world.
The struggle for political and social changes in Brazil
Finally, we would like to say a few words on the situation in Brazil. In the last 12 years, even with restraints and contradictions, the governments of Lula and Dilma Rousseff obtained great conquests for the workers and have pushed forward progressive policies, like the income distribution policies, more valuation of work, and the foreign policy.
The Lula’s and Dilma’s governments have a democratic and progressive feature, but can’t be called exactly left-wing or revolutionary governments. Nevertheless, success in those changes is part of the way to the revolutionary accumulation of forces in the country.
For the first time in our history, communists participated in the national government, maintaining their political and ideological independence. The Communist Party of Brazil is committed to a broad coalition that governs the country with many forces of the center, and this coalition is led by PT – Workers Party.
The PCdoB’s relationship with the federal government is unity and struggle, with the unity prevailing and firmly supporting the government in order to make changes. That doesn’t mean not having our own communist positions, because there is naturally a gap between our program and the program of the government. Our objectives go much further.
The proposal of the Socialist Program of the PCdoB is: “in this historical period, our task is to initiate a transition towards socialism by revolutionary accumulation of forces trough structural reforms and break-through”, with the New National Development Project, to create conditions to conquer popular power. In order to get these structural reforms a si ne qua non condition is to mobilize popular masses, progress with popular awareness and a parliamentary left-wing and progressive majority to support structural changes.
The 4th popular victory in a row for the Presidency of the Republic
First of all, we would like to emphasize the political and strategic importance of the 4th victory of the broad coalition which governs Brazil since 2003, integrated by political and social forces which go from the left to the center of the political spectrum, and which include the Brazilian communists.
After the victories of president Luis Inácio Lula da Silva in 2002 and his reelection in 2006, and of the first election of Dilma Rousseff in 2010, on the last 26th of October, the Brazilian people reelected the President in the second round, in a fierce dispute against a strong coalition of the right-wing opposition which proposed a neoliberal program, apart from a foreign policy aligned with imperialist powers.
Of the seven Brazilian parties which belong to the São Paulo Forum, three of them (PT, PCdoB and PDT) supported Dilma Rousseff, whilst the other three supported Marina Silva (PSB, PPS and PPL). The Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) launched its own candidate for the presidential elections and had 0,07% of the votes.
It is important to stress that from the others nine candidates, none of them supported Dilma in the second round. Four ultra-left candidates, including the Trotskyists and the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), chose to invalidate their vote and not to support Dilma Rousseff, and the other five candidates supported Aécio Neves.
In the second round of the elections, on the 26th of October, Dilma obtained 51,64% of the votes, against 48,36% of Aécio.
The 4th government of democratic and popular forces in Brazil will continue to face an unfavorable correlation of forces in parliament, which is even worse than the one that exists today.
The only way out for the revolutionary left-wing and revolutionary forces, which support the president Dilma is the popular mobilization to pressure parliament to approve measures for the changes demanded by the workers and the people.
The PCdoB is feeling enthusiastic with the victory of Dilma and with the election of a communist governor in Maranhão, and is ready for new combats
Communist and left-wing activism were decisive in the electoral campaign.
In the first round of the elections 2014 the first communist governor was elected in Brazilian history, in the state of Maranhão. The people of Maranhão also voted for Dilma Rousseff, who got 78,76% of the votes, also influenced by the campaign of the PCdoB and the others parties supporting Dilma.
The PCdoB got 10 national representatives for Congress and 25 representatives for the parliaments of the states.
The elections were fierce and polarized. Even though Dilma won, the left lost parliamentary power.
The PCdoB got a greater parliamentary result for state representatives, with 2.754.206 votes, representing 2,8% of the total of votes. For the national Congress there were 1.913.015 votes, a 2,0% of the total.
The PCdoB celebrates the results with joy and a spirit of fight for victory, for the new battles of the near future which need more awareness and mobilization of the workers and the people.
Brazilian communists are today very dedicated to the revolutionary accumulation of forces which shall open the way to the transition for socialism in Brazil.
The Communist Party of Brazil shall continue to increase its role with the Brazilian people and especially the workers in the struggle for the Brazilian revolution as well as a united Latin America in transition for socialism, as soon as possible.
Dilma’s victory goes beyond national borders; the success is a contribution for the struggle for peace, national sovereignty and development for the people, for a socialist future.
In this historic struggle of the Humanity, led by the workers, Communists are crucial.
Long live the 16º International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties!
Long live the unity of the communists!
We shall win!