(Adopted by the Plenum on Organization Kolkata, December 27-31, 2015


1.1 The 21st Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) decided to hold a Plenum on Organisation by the end of 2015. The political situation in the country with the offensive of the rightwing communal forces makes it all the more incumbent to strengthen every level of the Party organisation so as to make the Party an instrument to build, unleash and advance class and mass struggles so as to change the present correlation of forces in the country in favour of the Left and democratic forces. The Plenum is also required to address the decline in the mass base of the Party and to overcome the failure to expand Party influence and mass strength. The Plenum should assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Party organisation and decide the focus for the organisation in the coming days.

1.2 The review of the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 conducted by the Central Committee decided that four steps had to be taken. The first was to re-examine the political-tactical line. This was done at the Party Congress. The second was to review Party organisation and the orientation of work among the people. The third was to review the mass organisations and their orientation. These two tasks were to be undertaken at this Plenum. Fourthly, studies were to be undertaken on changes in socio-economic conditions after liberalisation and the impact of these changes on various classes. Concrete slogans were to be formulated on the basis of these studies. Certain issues in this regard were taken up and approved at the Party Congress; the remaining issues are to be taken up and concrete slogans to be formulated at this Plenum.

1.3 After the formation of the CPI(M) in 1964, the Party took up the question of organisation in the resolution titled “Tasks on Party Organisation” approved by the Central Committee in November 1967. This resolution marked a break with revisionist ideas of Party organisation and provided a correct orientation to the task of building a revolutionary organisation. The Salkia Plenum on Party organisation was held in December 1978 after the 10th Congress of the Party approved the new political-tactical line. The Salkia report and resolution gave a thrust to the task of creating an all-India mass revolutionary Party and expanding the Party at the all-India level.

1.4 Thirteen years later, the 14th Congress reviewed the implementation of the Salkia Plenum in the “Report on Organisation and Tasks” and set out the organisational tasks for the forthcoming period. Since then, successive Party Congresses have reviewed work on the organisational front, each setting out immediate tasks. The Central Committee approved, in 1996 and 2009, two resolutions on Rectification. The Central Committee also approved, in 1981 and 2004, two resolutions on the Party’s approach to mass organisations; these attempted to provide a correct understanding of and orientation for the work of the mass organisations.

1.5 The Salkia Plenum on Organisation was held in 1978, when the Party’s image and influence was on the ascendant in the post-Emergency period. The present Plenum is being held when the Party is facing a decline in its mass base. The main purpose of the Plenum is thus to decide how to strengthen Party organisation in order to reverse that decline and to ensure the expansion of the Party and of mass movements.

1.6 The atmosphere created by the dismantling of the Soviet Union and the setbacks to socialism had their impact on Party organisation. Further, globalisation and neo-liberalism and the rise of communalism have also had a direct bearing on the working of the organisation. Party organisation must be streamlined keeping in mind the need to fight against the effects of these developments.

1.7 The CPI(M) as a Party of the working class is committed to the strategic goal of the People’s Democratic Revolution. This requires the mobilisation of the basic classes – the working class, and poor peasants and agricultural workers as the core of the revolutionary alliance, the people’s democratic front, under the leadership of the working class. The forging of a Left and democratic front is a step towards this goal.

1.8 The political tactical line adopted at the 21st Congress has restored the primacy of building the Left and democratic front. This requires an enormous increase in the independent strength of the Party. The way to fulfill this in the organisational sphere is to forge live links with the masses. The mass line on organisation means to be integrated with the people and to pick up their issues to advance class and mass struggles. It is through this process that we can advance towards the Left and democratic alliance.

1.9 The political-tactical line of the 21st Congress has called for fighting back against the right-wing offensive represented by the forces of neo-liberalism, communalism, and authoritarianism. This ruling class offensive is backed by imperialism. Party organisation has to be equipped to fight these forces. The focus has to be on how to build a strong all India Communist Party with a mass base.

1.10 The Party has faced innumerable attacks from the ruling classes and its agents. Hundreds of Party members and sympathisers have sacrificed their lives in the last two and a half decades in various parts of the country. In the strong states of West Bengal, Kerala and Tripura, there have been concentrated attacks at various juncture. The latest instance of attack is the terror and violence directed against the Party in West Bengal by the Trinamul Congress and its government. The selfless dedication of the Party cadres has helped the Party to grow in these three Left bases. The Party organization must be capable of facing and overcoming such difficult situations.

1.11 This Draft Report has been prepared after considering the replies sent by the State Committees to a comprehensive questionnaire prepared by the Polit Bureau.

1.12 The report is divided into four parts:

1.13 Part One deals with Party Organisation as a whole. It has four sections:

I: Streamlining the Organisational Structure;

II: Quality Membership for a Revolutionary Party;

III: A Party Based on Democratic Centralism

IV: Wage the Ideological Struggle.

1.14 Part Two deals with the independent and democratic functioning of mass organisations.

1.15 Part Three is about new directions for class and mass struggles.

1.16 Part Four concerns how to build the organization and movements in each State.


Read the whole report here


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